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Cape Verde

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Major Cities of Cape Verde in the continent of Africa

PraiaMindeloSanta MariaCova FigueiraEspargosPedra BadejoSao FilipeAssomadaTarrafalPorto NovoRibeira BravaCalheta de Sao MiguelPonta do SolVila do MaiRibeira Grande

Cape Verde Photo Gallery
Cape Verde Realty



THE BARBADOS Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) COAT OF ARMS
Coat of arms of Portuguese Cape Verde (1951-1975).svg
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Location of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) within the continent of Africa
Cape Verde map.gif
Map of Algeria
Cape Verde flag.gif
Flag Description of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde): five unequal horizontal bands; the top-most band of blue - equal to one half the width of the flag - is followed by three bands of white, red, and white, each equal to 1/12 of the width, and a bottom stripe of blue equal to one quarter of the flag width; a circle of 10, yellow, five-pointed stars is centered on the red stripe and positioned 3/8 of the length of the flag from the hoist side; blue stands for the sea and the sky, the circle of stars represents the 10 major islands united into a nation, the stripes symbolize the road to formation of the country through peace (white) and effort (red)
Barangay anim 4500.gif
A Barangay Clearance is NEEDED in order to get a Business License.
So why is the barangay name not in most business addresses?
Ask your Barangay Captain/Chairman to create a Resolution to make it mandatory to put the barangay name in all Business addresses.


Official name República de Cabo Verde (Republic of Cabo Verde)1
Form of government multiparty republic with one legislative house (National Assembly [722])
Head of state President: Jorge Carlos Fonseca
Head of government Prime Minister: José Maria Neves
Capital Praia
Official language Portuguese3
Official religion none
Monetary unit escudo (C.V.Esc.)
Population (2013 est.) 511,000
Population (2013 est.) 511,000COLLAPSE
Total area (sq mi) 1,557
Total area (sq km) 4,033
Urban-rural

Urban: (2010) 61.8%
Rural: (2010) 38.2%

Life expectancy at birth

Male: (2011) 68.5 years
Female: (2011) 73 years

Literacy: percentage of population age 15 and over literate

Male: (2010) 89.3%
Female: (2010) 79.4%

GNI per capita (U.S.$) (2012) 3,810


About Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)'s expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.

Cabo Verde, also called Cape Verde, country comprising a group of islands that lie 385 miles (620 km) off the west coast of Africa. Praia, on São Tiago, is the capital.

Cabo Verde is named for the westernmost cape of Africa, Cape Verde (French: Cap Vert), which is located in nearby Senegal and is the nearest point on the continent. The largest port in the islands is located at Mindelo, on São Vicente. Its deepwater harbour accommodates sizable vessels and has been used as a fueling station since the 19th century.


Geography of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

  • Location: Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal
  • Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 24 00 W
  • Map references: Africa
  • Area
total: 4,033 sq km
land: 4,033 sq km
water: 0 sq km
  • Area - comparative slightly larger than Rhode Island
  • Land boundaries 0 km
  • Coastline 965 km
  • Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
  • Climate: temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and erratic
  • Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic
  • Elevation extremes
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mt. Fogo 2,829 m (a volcano on Fogo Island)
  • Natural resources: salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum
  • Land use:
arable land: 11.66%
permanent crops: 0.74%
other: 87.59% (2011)
  • Irrigated land: 34.76 sq km (2004)
  • Total renewable water resources: 0.3 cu km (2011)
  • Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
total: 0.02 cu km/yr (6%/1%/93%)
per capita: 48.57 cu m/yr (2004)
  • Natural hazards: prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active

volcanism: Fogo (elev. 2,829 m), which last erupted in 1995, is Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)'s only active volcano

  • Environment - current issues: soil erosion; deforestation due to demand for wood used as fuel; water shortages; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; illegal beach sand extraction; overfishing
  • Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
  • Geography - note: strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

Land of Cape Verde

Demographics of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

The People of Cabo Verde

  • Ethnic groups

The overwhelming majority of the population of Cabo Verde is of mixed European and African descent and is often referred to as mestiço or Crioulo. There is also a sizable African minority, which includes the Fulani (Fulbe), the Balante, and the Mandyako peoples. A small population of European origin includes those of Portuguese descent (especially from the Algarve, a historical province, and the Azores islands), as well as those of Italian, French, and English descent. There is also a substantial number that traces its roots to Sephardic Jews who were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula in the 15th and 16th centuries during the Inquisition and were among the islands’ early settlers, or to other groups of Jew89M�mainly tradesmen—who arrived in the 19th century from Morocco.

  • Languages

Although Portuguese is the official language and is used in formal situations, Crioulo, one of the oldest of the Portuguese creole languages, is by far the most widely spoken. The different dialects of Crioulo that exist on the islands may be broadly divided into Sotavento and Barlavento groups. There has been a struggle to legitimate and regularize Crioulo orthography in a dictionary and in schools.

  • Religion

The majority of the population is Roman Catholic, but a flourishing Protestant mission is based in Praia with a publishing venture in Fogo. In practice, Catholicism is often enriched with African elements. The celebration of saints’ days, for example, may be accompanied by drumming, processionals, masks, and dancing in African styles, particularly on São Tiago. Although many Cabo Verdeans can trace Jewish ancestry, virtually none are practicing.

  • Settlement patterns

The proportion of Cabo Verdeans living in rural areas has declined consistently since the mid-20th century. By the early 2000s, the majority of the population was urban and concentrated particularly in the centres of Praia and Mindelo. Some two-fifths of the population remained rural, living in small villages and individual households in remote fertile valleys or in coastal towns and villages.

  • Demographic trends

Cabo Verde’s population-growth rate is below both the regional and world averages. A steady emigration of young males seeking employment abroad and one of the lowest birth rates in sub-Saharan Africa have been responsible for dampening Cabo Verde’s population growth. Life expectancy on average exceeds the regional and global averages for both genders. On the whole, the Cabo Verdean population is relatively young, with some two-fifths of the population under 15 years of age.

The group of diasporic Cabo Verdeans throughout the world exceeds the national population. The pattern of out-migration is very old, with many Cabo Verdeans having left the islands as a result of the slave trade or to work as seamen on whaling and sealing ships or serve as migrant labourers in either New England (where many attracted by whaling would settle) or the islands of Sao Tome and Principe. During the period of Portuguese colonialism, many Cabo Verdeans served throughout Lusophone Africa as middle-level colonial officials and workers. Many Cabo Verdeans work as merchant mariners or longshoremen in the major diasporic communities in Dakar, Senegal, southeastern New England, Rotterdam, and Lisbon. Some Cabo Verdean women have sought employment as domestic workers in countries such as Italy, Portugal, and Spain.

  • Population: 531,046 (July 2013 est.)
  • Age structure 0-14 years: 31.2% (male 83,355/female 82,503)
15-24 years: 21.8% (male 57,825/female 57,842)
25-54 years: 37.3% (male 95,970/female 102,217)
55-64 years: 4.5% (male 9,766/female 13,910)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 10,416/female 17,242) (2013 est.)
  • Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 53.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 45.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.2 %
potential support ratio: 12.2 (2013)
  • Median age
total: 23.5 years
male: 22.7 years
female: 24.4 years (2013 est.)
  • Population growth rate 1.41% (2013 est.)
Birth rate 20.96 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate 6.22 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate -0.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
  • Urbanization
Urban population: 62.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.12% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
  • Major cities - population: PRAIA (capital) 132,000 (2011)
  • Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.71 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

  • Mother's mean age at first birth: 19.5
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2005 est.)
  • Infant mortality rate
total: 25.13 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 28.78 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 21.38 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
  • Life expectancy at birth
total population: 71.28 years
male: 69.05 years
female: 73.58 years (2013 est.)
  • Total fertility rate: 2.39 children born/woman (2013 est.)
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate 61.3% (2005)
  • HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.04% (2001 est.)
  • HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 775 (2001)
  • HIV/AIDS - deaths: 225 (as of 2001)
  • Drinking water source

improved:

urban: 90% of population
rural: 85% of population
total: 88% of population

unimproved:

urban: 10% of population
rural: 15% of population
total: 12% of population (2010 est.)
  • Sanitation facility access

improved:

urban: 73% of population
rural: 43% of population
total: 61% of population

unimproved:

urban: 27% of population
rural: 57% of population
total: 39% of population (2010 est.)
  • Nationality
noun: Cape Verdean(s)
adjective: Cape Verdean
  • Ethnic groups Creole (mulatto): 71%, African 28%, European 1%
  • Religions: Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)
  • Languages: Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)
  • Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.9%
male: 89.7%
female: 80.3% (2011 est.)
  • School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2011)
  • Child labor - children ages 5-14
total number: 1,948
percentage: 3 %
note: data represents children ages 10-14 (2001 est.)
  • Education expenditures: 5.6% of GDP (2010)
  • Maternal mortality rate: 79 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
  • Health expenditures: 4.8% of GDP (2011)
  • Physicians density: 0.295 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
  • Hospital bed density: 2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
  • Obesity - adult prevalence rate: 10% (2008)


Government of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) Government Profile 2013

  • Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Cape Verde
conventional short form: Cape Verde
local long form: Republica de Cabo Verde
local short form: Cabo Verde
  • Government type: republic
  • Capital
name: Praia
geographic coordinates: 14 55 N, 23 31 W
time difference: UTC-1 (4 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
  • Administrative divisions: 22 municipalities (concelhos, singular - concelho); Boa Vista, Brava, Maio, Mosteiros, Paul, Porto Novo, Praia, Ribeira Brava, Ribeira Grande, Ribeira Grande de Santiago, Sal, Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina do Fogo, Santa Cruz, Sao Domingos, Sao Filipe, Sao Lourenco dos Orgaos, Sao Miguel, Sao Salvador do Mundo, Sao Vicente, Tarrafal, Tarrafal de Sao Nicolau
  • Independence: 5 July 1975 (from Portugal)
  • National holiday: Independence Day, 5 July (1975)
  • Constitution: 25 September 1992; a major revision on 23 November 1995 substantially increased the powers of the president; a 1999 revision created the position of national ombudsman (Provedor de Justica)
  • Legal system: civil law system of Portugal
  • International law organization participation: has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
  • Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
  • Executive branch
chief of state: President Jorge Carlos FONSECA (since 9 September 2011)
head of government: Prime Minister Jose Maria Pereira NEVES (since 1 February 2001)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 7 August 2011 with a second round runoff on 21 August 2011; prime minister nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president
election results: percent of vote (second round) - Jorge Carlos FONSECA 53.4%, Manuel Inocencio SOUSA 46.6%
  • Legislative branch
unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (72 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 6 February 2011 (next to be held by 2016)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PAICV 38, MPD 32, UCID 2
  • Judicial branch
highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (consists of the chief justice and at least 5 judges)
judge selection and term of office: judges appointments - 1 by the president of the republic, 1 elected by the National Assembly, and the remainder by the Supreme Council of Magistrates, a 9-member independent body presided over by the chief justice and includes the high judicial inspector, 2 presidential appointees, 3 elected by the National Assembly, and 2 by their court peers; chief justice appointed by the president of the republic from among peers of the Supreme Court and in consultation with the Supreme Council of the Magistrates; judge tenure NA
subordinate courts: first instance (municipal) courts; audit, military, and fiscal and customs courts
  • Political parties and leaders African Party for Independence of Cape Verde or PAICV [Jose Maria Pereira NEVES, chairman]
Democratic and Independent Cape Verdean Union or UCID [Antonio MONTEIRO]
Democratic Christian Party or PDC [Manuel RODRIGUES]
Democratic Renovation Party or PRD [Victor FIDALGO]
Movement for Democracy or MPD [Carlos VEIGA]
Party for Democratic Convergence or PCD [Dr. Eurico MONTEIRO]
Party of Work and Solidarity or PTS [Anibal MEDINA]
Social Democratic Party or PSD [Joao ALEM]
  • Political pressure groups and leaders other: environmentalists; political pressure groups
  • International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, AOSIS, AU, CD, CPLP, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
  • Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Maria De Fatima Lima Da VEIGA (since 16 August 2007)
chancery: 3415 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007
telephone: [1] (202) 965-6820
FAX: [1] (202) 965-1207
consulate(s) general: Boston
  • Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Adrienne O'NEAL (since 9 December 2011)
embassy: Rua Abilio Macedo 6, Praia
mailing address: C. P. 201, Praia
telephone: [238] 2-60-89-00
FAX: [238] 2-61-13-55'
  • National anthem name: "Cantico da Liberdade" (Song of Freedom)
lyrics/music: Amilcar Spencer LOPES/Adalberto Higino Tavares SILVA
note: adopted 1996
ANTHEM LYRICS - ENGLISH TRANSLATION ANTHEM LYRICS IN OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

Sun, sweat, verdure and sea,
Centuries of pain and hope;
This is the land of our ancestors.
Fruit of our hands,
Of the flower of our blood:
This is our beloved country.

CHORUS

Long live our glorious country!
The banner of our struggle
Has fluttered in the skies.
Forward, against the foreign yoke!
We are going to build
Peace and progress
In our immortal country!
Peace and progress
In our immortal country!

Branches of the same trunk,
Eyes in the same light;
This is the force of our unity!
The sea and the land,
The dawn and the sun are singing
That our struggle has borne fruit!

CHORUS

Sol, suor e o verde e mar,

Séculos de dor e esperança:
Esta é a terra dos nossos avós!
Fruto das nosas mãos,
Da flôr do nosso sangue:
Esta é a nossa pátria amada.

CHORUS

Viva a pátria gloriosa!
Floriu nos céus a bandeira da luta.
Avante, contra o jugo estrangeiro!
Nós vamos construir
Na patria immortal
A paz e o progresso!
Nós vamos construir
Na patria immortal
A paz e o progresso! paz e o progresso!

Ramos do mesmo tronco,
Olhos na mesma luz: Esta é a força da nossa união!
Cantem o mar e a terra
A madrugada eo sol
Que a nossa luta fecundou.

CHORUS


  • Group: All, APLAA, Sahel Region Africa, Africa


Cultural life of Cabo Verde

Although five centuries of Portuguese colonial culture have dominated the islands, traditions from Africa are also present. The two are much blended in the cultural life of Cabo Verde, evidence of which is apparent in the country’s literary, musical, and artistic production.

A number of the holidays celebrated in Cabo Verde—including Easter, the Feast of the Assumption, All Saints’ Day, and Christmas—reflect the country’s majority Roman Catholic tradition. Other holidays include National Heroes’ Day, Children’s Day, and Independence Day, which are observed on January 20, June 1, and July 5, respectively.


  • The arts

The cultural synthesis that forms Cabo Verdean artistic tradition is notable in the rich body of oral narratives known as Nho Lobo tales, for example, which include the characters of Ti Lobo and Chibinho, both of whom have their counterparts in western African folklore. Musical traditions from Africa are reborn in Cabo Verde as batuko (derived from the Portuguese verb meaning “to beat”), a genre that features polyrhythm and call and response performed by a group of women. European traditions are revealed in the morna, a lament comparable to the Portuguese fado, and the mazurka. Other styles include the funana, a fast-paced genre that features the gaita, an accordion-like instrument, and the finaçon, often performed by women in conjunction with a batuko session. Cesaria Evora, one of Cabo Verde’s most popular musicians, is famous both within the islands and abroad for her mornas and coladeras (mornas with a faster tempo).

Since the late 19th century, Cabo Verde has produced some outstanding writers and poets. Between 1936 and 1960 the cultural magazine Claridade (“Clarity”) was the centre of an artistic movement that marked a break with Portuguese literary traditions and established a Cabo Verdean identity. Baltasar Lopes da Silva, who used the pseudonym Osvaldo Alcântara for his poetry, and Eugénio Tavares are key figures from this period. Subsequent writers have extended the movement’s interest in the Crioulo culture to use that language as well as Portuguese.

  • Cultural institutions

There is an ethnographic museum of culture and history in Praia. The National Historic Archive, which contains important documents, including some that relate to the history of the slave trade, is located in Praia. Cultural influences from the colonial era are evident in the town of Cidade Velha, located on the island of São Tiago. Initially founded as Ribeira Grande by Portuguese settlers in the 15th century, the town is noted for the many examples of colonial architecture found in its historic centre, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2009.

  • Sports and recreation

Although Cabo Verdeans enjoy a variety of sports, football (soccer) is perhaps the most popular. Matches are played at all levels of society, from pickup street games with improvised balls, fields, and nets to interscholastic rivalries and competitions between the Sotavento and Barlavento islands. Interest in basketball is growing. Long-distance running, swimming, and the traditional African board game of ouri are popular pastimes. Windsurfing, fishing, cycling, golfing, hiking, mountain climbing, horseback riding, and scuba diving are common resort activities. In their various diaspora communities, many Cabo Verdeans have distinguished themselves in sports and athletic achievements, especially in football, boxing, and baseball.

Cabo Verde’s Olympic committee was formed in 1989 and recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1993. The team subsequently made its Olympic debut at the 1996 Summer Games in Atlanta.

  • Media and publishing

Television and radio stations offer programming in both Portuguese and Crioulo. Print media such as A Semana, Terra Nova, and Voz di Povo—all issued in Portuguese—are published. Freedom of the press, guaranteed by the constitution, is generally honoured. Portuguese and foreign-language books have a small but established market.

Economy of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

Cape Verde Economy Profile 2013

  • Economy - overview: The economy is service-oriented with commerce, transport, tourism, and public services accounting for about three-fourths of GDP. This island economy suffers from a poor natural resource base, including serious water shortages exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought and poor soil for agriculture on several of the islands. Although about 40% of the population lives in rural areas, the share of food production in GDP is low. About 82% of food must be imported. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited. Cape Verde annually runs a high trade deficit financed by foreign aid and remittances from its large pool of emigrants; remittances supplement GDP by more than 20%. Despite the lack of resources, sound economic management has produced steadily improving incomes. Continued economic reforms are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy and mitigate high unemployment. Future prospects depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, the encouragement of tourism, remittances, and the momentum of the government's development program. Cape Verde became a member of the WTO in July 2008.
  • GDP (purchasing power parity)
$2.214 billion (2012 est.)
$2.123 billion (2011 est.)
$2.02 billion (2010 est.)
note: data are in 2012 US dollars
  • GDP (official exchange rate): $1.899 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP - real growth rate
4.3% (2012 est.)
5% (2011 est.)
5.2% (2010 est.)
  • GDP - per capita (PPP)
$4,200 (2012 est.)
$4,100 (2011 est.)
$3,900 (2010 est.)
note: data are in 2012 US dollars
  • Gross national saving
23.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
21.4% of GDP (2011 est.)
25% of GDP (2010 est.)
  • GDP - composition, by end use
household consumption: 66.6%
government consumption: 18.9%
investment in fixed capital: 34.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 44%
imports of goods and services: -63.8%

(2012 est.)


  • GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: 10.1%
industry: 17.7%
services: 72.2% (2012 est.)
  • Population below
poverty line 30% (2000)
Labor force 196,100 (2007)
Unemployment rate 21% (2000 est.)
  • Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 40.6% (2001)
  • Investment (gross fixed): 34.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
  • Budget
revenues: $435.8 million
expenditures: $588.4 million (2012 est.)
  • Taxes and other revenues: 22.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
  • Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-): -8% of GDP (2012 est.)
  • Public debt
86.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
78.1% of GDP (2011 est.)
  • Inflation rate (consumer prices)
2.5% (2012 est.)
4.5% (2011 est.)
  • Central bank discount rate
7.5% (31 December 2010 est.)
7.5% (31 December 2009 est.)
  • Commercial bank prime lending rate
9.9% (31 December 2012 est.)
9.81% (31 December 2011 est.)
  • Stock of narrow money
$976.2 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$893.6 million (31 December 2011 est.)
  • Stock of broad money
$1.362 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.322 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
  • Stock of domestic credit
$1.517 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.426 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
  • Agriculture - products bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish
  • Industries: food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and gar
  • Industries: food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair
  • Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2012 est.)
  • Current Account Balance
-$257.9 million (2012 est.)
-$287.8 million (2011 est.)
  • Exports - commodities: fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides
  • Exports - partners: Spain 66.6%, Portugal 13.9%, US 5% (2012)
  • Imports - commodities foodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels
  • Imports - partners Portugal 38%, Netherlands 21.4%, China 7.9%, Spain 7% (2012)
  • Reserves of foreign exchange and gold
$376 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$339 million (31 December 2011 est.)
  • Debt - external
$1.136 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.025 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
  • Exchange rates Cape Verdean escudos (CVE) per US dollar -
85.822 (2012 est.)
79.323 (2011 est.)
83.259 (2010 est.)
79.38 (2009)
73.84 (2008)
  • Imports
$902 million (2012 est.)
$1.06 billion (2011 est.)
  • Exports
$184 million (2012 est.)
$211 million (2011 est.)
  • Fiscal year calendar year

Energy of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

Cape Verde Energy Profile 2013

  • Electricity - installed generating capacity: 89,800 kW (2009 est.)
  • Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2011 est.)
  • Oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
  • Oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
  • Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)
  • Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
  • Refined petroleum products - consumption: 2,608 bbl/day (2011 est.)
  • Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2008 est.)
  • Refined petroleum products - imports: 2,407 bbl/day (2008 est.)
  • Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
  • Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
  • Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
  • Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
  • Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
  • Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 271,400 Mt (2010 est.)


Telecommunication of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

Cape Verde Telecommunications Profile 2013

  • Telephones - main lines in use: 70,200 (2012)
  • Telephones - mobile cellular: 425,300 (2012)
  • Telephone system
general assessment: effective system, extensive modernization from 1996-2000 following partial privatization in 1995
domestic: major service provider is Cabo Verde Telecom (CVT); fiber-optic ring, completed in 2001, links all islands providing Internet access and ISDN services; cellular service introduced in 1998; broadband services launched in 2004
international: country code - 238; landing point for the Atlantis-2 fiber-optic transatlantic telephone cable that provides links to South America, Senegal, and Europe; HF radiotelephone to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)


  • Broadcast media: state-run TV and radio broadcast network plus a growing number of private broadcasters; Portuguese public TV and radio services for Africa are available; transmissions of a few international broadcasters are available (2007)
  • Internet country code: .cv
  • Internet hosts: 38 (2012)
  • Internet users: 150,000 (2009)

Transportation of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

Cape Verde Transportation Profile 2013

  • Roadways:
total: 1,350 km
paved: 932 km
unpaved: 418 km (2000)
  • Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Porto Grande
  • Merchant marine
total: 13
by type: cargo 3, chemical tanker 2, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 1
foreign-owned: 3 (Greece 1, Spain 1, UK 1)
registered in other countries: 1 (unknown 1) (2010)
  • Airports: 9 (2013)
  • Airports - with paved runways
total: 9
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 2 (2013)

Military of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

Cape Verde Military Profile 2013

  • Military branches
Armed Forces: Army (also called the National Guard, GN), Cape Verde Coast Guard (Guardia Costeira de Cabo Verde, GCCV; includes naval infantry) (2013)
  • Military service age and obligation
18-35 years of age for male and female selective compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 2 years; 17 years of age for voluntary service (with parental consent) (2013)
  • Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 132,087
females age 16-49: 136,956 (2010 est.)
  • Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 106,864
females age 16-49: 117,518 (2010 est.)
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 6,029
female: 6,026 (2010 est.)
  • Military expenditures: 0.4% of GDP (2011)


Transnational Issue of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

Cape Verde Transnational Issues Profile 2013

  • Disputes - international: none
  • Illicit drugs
used as a transshipment point for Latin American cocaine destined for Western Europe, particularly because of Lusophone links to Brazil, Portugal, and Guinea-Bissau; has taken steps to deter drug money laundering, including a 2002 anti-money laundering reform that criminalizes laundering the proceeds of narcotics trafficking and other crimes and the establishment in 2008 of a Financial Intelligence Unit (2008)

Environment of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

Carbon dioxide emissions of Cape Verde
Consumption of ozone-depleting substances of Cape Verde
Energy efficiency of Cape Verde
Habitat protection of Cape Verde
Marine habitat protection of Cape Verde
Resource usage of Cape Verde
Terrestrial habitat protection of Cape Verde


Health of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

Child malnutrition of Cape Verde
Condom use of Cape Verde
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old of Cape Verde
HIV prevention of Cape Verde
Infant health of Cape Verde
Malaria morbidity of Cape Verde
Malaria mortality of Cape Verde
Malnutrition of Cape Verde
Maternal health
Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources of Cape Verde
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities of Cape Verde
Tuberculosis morbidity of Cape Verde
Tuberculosis mortality of Cape Verde
Tuberculosis prevention of Cape Verde
Tuberculosis treatment of Cape Verde
Unmet need for family planning of Cape Verde

Cape Verde in 2010

Cape Verde Area: 4,033 sq km (1,557 sq mi) Population (2010 est.): 509,000 Capital: Praia Chief of state: President Pedro Pires Head of government: Prime Minister José Maria Neves Cape Verde ...>>>read more<<<


This is not the official site of this country. Most of the information in this site were taken from the U.S. Department of State, The Central Intelligence Agency, The United Nations, [1],[2], [3], [4], [5],[6], [7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12], [13], [14],[15], [16], [17], [18], [19], [20], [21], [22], [23], [24],[25], [26], [27], [28], [29], [30],[31], [32], [33], [34], and the [35].

Other sources of information will be mentioned as they are posted.