Metro Manila Cities- National Capital Region Philippines

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List of the 17 Regions in the Philippines
National - Capital Region I - Ilocos II - Cagayan III - C. Luzon IV-A - Calabarzon IV-B - Mimaropa V - Bicol VI - W. Visayas VII - C. Visayas VIII - E. Visayas IX - Zamboanga X - N. Mindanao XI - Davao XII - Soccsksargen XIII - Caraga XIV - CAR XV - BARMM

Within these 17 regions in the Philippines, there are 42,027 barangays, 1486 municipalities, 148 cities, 82 provinces. It has a democratic form of government and the freedom of speech is upheld by law. English is the "lingua franca" and is the mode of instruction in all high schools, colleges and universities. Laws and contracts are written in English.

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"When I hear people say that money seldom brings happiness, they forget to add the word "obsession" before "money." Heck, nobody can survive in this modern world without money, let alone be happy." ― Franklin H. Maletsky

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Metro Manila

Medicinal Herbs have a variety of uses including culinary, medicinal, as alternative herbal remedies, or in some cases even spiritual usage. A medicinal herb may be a shrub or other woody plant, whereas a culinary herb is a non-woody plant, typically using the leaves.


Medicinal plants are widely used in non-industrialized societies, mainly because they are readily available and cheaper than modern medicines. The annual global export value of the thousands of types of plants with medicinal properties was estimated to be US$2.2 billion in 2012. In 2017, the potential global market for botanical extracts and medicines was estimated at several hundred billion dollars

  • Has a total of 1,709 barangays.
  • Population of NCR (metro manila) as of August 1, 2015 census was 12,877,253

The National Capital Region of the Philippines is divided into four (4) districts. There are 17 (Seventeen) cities in the region.

Cities In the Metro Manila Area
City District of the Region
Caloocan City, Philippines Third District
Las Piñas City, Philippines Fourth District
Makati City, Philippines Fourth District
Malabon City, Philippines Third District
Mandaluyong City, Philippines Second District
Manila City, Philippines First District with 14 City Districts
Marikina City, Philippines Second District
Muntinlupa City, Philippines Fourth District
Navotas City, Philippines Third District
Parañaque City, Philippines Fourth District
Pasay City, Philippines Fourth District
Pasig City, Philippines Second District
Pateros City, Philippines Fourth District
Quezon City, Philippines Second District
San Juan City, Philippines Second District
Taguig City, Philippines Fourth District
Valenzuela City, Philippines Third District

The National Capital Region

Region 13 NCR (National Capital Region).png

The National Capital Region, more popularly known as Metro Manila, is the Philippines in microcosm. It is the country's premier region located in the central part of Luzon. It is the country's political, economic, social, educational, recreational and cultural hub that it exerts a dominant influence on the rest of the country's regions.

Emerging from a small tribal settlement on the banks of the Pasig river near the mouth of Manila Bay, NCR has grown into a thriving, urban sprawl consisting of 17 contiguous areas.

History tells us that Metro Manila first spread along an area south of the Pasig River and flat coastal lands between Manila Bay and the Marikina Valley. A large portion of the Manila Bay was reclaimed to the west in the 1980's to cover a wider urbanized area.

The National Capital Region is the country's capital and considered the nation's gateway to the world. It remains the country's major commercial, financial and educational center and the heart of the country's national government. Its strategic location enables the formation of the nation's economic, political and social structure that trickles down to the countryside.

Since 1975, Metro Manila has been designated the National Capital Region. At present, 14 cities and 3 municipalities comprise the National Capital Region. Its 14 cities include: Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Pasay, Parañaque, Makati, Taguig, Pasig, Mandaluyong, Malabon, Muntinlupa, Valenzuela, Marikina, and Las Piñas. While the three municipalities are Pateros, San Juan and Navotas.

The metropolis lists several trading centers and shopping malls, including the Ayala Center, Greenbelt Shopping Center, Landmark (Makati), the SM malls in Mandaluyong, Quezon City, Las Pinas and Manila, Robinson's malls in Pasig, Manila, Las Pinas; Rustan's Department Stores, Festival mall, and the Tutuban Center. Recent additions are major commercial centers such as The Fort Bonifacio Business Park and the Rockwell Center in Makati.

Metro Manila is also home to the major financing institutions including the Asian Development Bank (ADB). There are 47 commercial banks, 16 thrift banks and two (2) specialized government banks to date.

There are 81 higher educational institutions including and 1,559 elementary and secondary schools in the metropolis posting a literacy rate of 92.4 percent. Noted educational institutions such as the Asian Institute of Management (AIM), University of Asia and the Pacific (UAP), University of the Philippines, the International School, Ateneo de Manila, University of Santo Tomas and De La Salle University are among the many that can be found here.

Economy of the National Capital Region of the Philippines

Metro manila map (1).png
Interactive Google Map of Metro Manila, Philippines

Barangay's power and authority: A must read for all barangay officials

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This is the "Barangay Code of the Philippines".

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A Barangay Clearance is NEEDED in order to get a Business License.
So why is the barangay name not in most business addresses?
Ask your Barangay Captain/Chairman to create a Resolution to make it mandatory to put the barangay name in all Business addresses.
Every Government Unit in the Philippines is within a Barangay. The municipal hall, city hall, the provincial capitol building, and even the Malacañang Palace where the president resides is within a Barangay.

The barangay has power and authority over its domain. The improvement of the barangay rests on the barangay officials. The barangay chairman, the barangay council and the local businessmen forge the prosperity of the barangay. Not the president of the Philippines, senate, nor congress. Not the governor of the province, not the mayor nor council of the municipality or city. Poor barangays stay poor because of weak and/or ignorant(uninformed) barangay leaders.

When roads or any infrastructure need to be built, improved or repaired, all the barangay officials have to do is make a resolution and present it to the city or municipality council. The resolution will force the city/municipal council or responsible government office to hear the legitimate demands. "The squeaky wheel gets the grease."

Each city or municipality is represented by the "barangay association or federation". The elected president of the Association of Barangay Council and the President of Kabataan (SK) association each have a seat in the City/Municipality council. Their powers are the same and equal to the elected city/municipality councilors. They are there to help lobby the demands of the barangays. They are not there just to collect a big salary and rub elbows with the regular elected city/municipality council, but to also represent the needs of the barangays.
The duties of the barangay officials are specifically written in Chapter III(Punong Barangay) and Chapter IV (The Sangguniang Barangay). Read it..

Practically anything that has to do with the barangay, the barangay officials have a say on it and most likely the authority over it. The majority of the barangay officials are not aware of their duties and power. They depend on the city council or mayor. The elected barangay officials are afraid of the mayor and city/municipality's "Sangguniang Panlungsod". They are in fear of being ousted or removed from office. The truth is, the "Sangguniang Panlungsod" does not have the power to remove or suspend any elected barangay officials from office. Only the COURT OF LAW can do this (judicial branch of the government). Elected public officials can't be suspended by the DILG or the office of the president unless an official complaint has been filed, there must be proof and there must be due process. Republic Act 7160 chapter 4, Section 60. Information is power. Be informed. Do not be intimidated by the president, senator, congressman, governor, mayor, vice-mayor, or councilors. Do your job.

The control of traffic is not up to the city council or chief of police. It is controlled by the barangay. If the barangay needs traffic enforcers, the barangay can make a resolution to demand it from the city or municipality council. When the electric coop or the water district do not maintain their lines, the barangay can directly demand for the maintenance from the utility companies. No need to wait for city council.

The citizens also has the power to make demands to the barangay officials. In case the officials get blinded. Simply file an official complaint with the barangay secretary naming the Punong barangay as the respondent representing the barangay.

If the power lines are sagging, don't go to the power company, go to the barangay office. Ask the barangay for a DEMAND resolution against the power company.
If the water lines are busted, don't wait for the water company, go to the barangay office. Ask the barangay for a DEMAND resolution against the water company.
If the potholes in the road are not fixed, don't wait for the The Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), go to the barangay office. Ask the barangay for a DEMAND resolution against the DPWH.
Are you beginning to get the point?

Cleaning the shorelines, drainage systems, streets, rivers, and parks within your barangay is YOUR responsibility. You are accountable for this. It is not the responsibility of the City/Municipality officials. The citizens and officials of the barangay are responsible. Stop blaming others.

  • BUDGET: As far as the preparation for the budget expenditures, it starts at the barangay level, then moves on to cities, municipalities, provinces and regions. The barangays need to exercise their authority. They need to put their yearly budget together for their administration and future projects. The majority of the barangays leave this job to the municipality and city. This is so wrong. Then when the budget doesn't come or is lacking, they complain.
  • The budget for the barangays does go to the City or Municipality, but simply for holding and later distribution. The city or municipality DOES NOT approve the budget. It was already approved by congress. The city or municipality simply "distributes" the approved budget.
  • The bureau of internal revenue is in cahoots to subdue the barangays, municipalities and provinces. They call the rightful shares to the taxes collected as "Internal Revenue Allotment Dependency". It is not a dependency. It is the lawful and rightful share of the LGU as specified in "TITLE III, SHARES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS IN THE PROCEEDS OF NATIONAL TAXES, CHAPTER I, Allotment of Internal Revenue Taxes, Section 284."
  • "IMPERIAL MANILA IS A MYTH!", it does not exist anymore. The Philippine budget formulation system is not centralized. "Budgetary planning has been DECENTRALIZED since 1991". It is the responsibility of each LGU to submit their budgetary needs for review. Failure to submit is the problem.
  • DURING ELECTIONS: Where do City and Municipality politicians go to campaign? They seek the support of the Barangay officials. They plead to the barangay folks for the votes. Even the candidate for president. But after the election they ignore you. Do not ever forget the power of the barangay.

Ignorance keeps the pinoys thinking that Manila rules. Be informed, be educated and make your barangay prosper.

  • Absolutely NO need for FEDERALISM. It is a ploy to give the Bangsamoro an Islamic State where the religion of Islam is financed by the Philippine government. Bangsamoro will be a HOMELAND not for all Filipinos but for only the Muslim Filipinos. It violates the constitution's "separation of church and state". Religion is always good for the people but it should never be embraced or financed by government. Tax exemption is not tantamount to financing. Every non-profit organization is tax-exempt.

News about the Philippines

Updated: February 5, 2024

Unity and Progress: Philippine City Mayors Advocate for Collective Advancement

In a compelling call to action, the head of the Philippines’ 149-member city mayor’s association emphasized the critical need for unity to foster continued national progress, peace, and prosperity. Cebu City Mayor Michael Rama, serving as the national president of the League of Cities of the Philippines, voiced the association’s support for the Department of the Interior and Local Government’s vision of a harmonious country, one that maintains its trajectory of achievements in vital societal areas.

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Census for the NCR National Capital Region

NCR Barangay election results

File:NCR 2018 Barangay election results.xls