|THE SAINT BARTHELEMY COAT OF ARMS|
Location of Saint Barthelemywithin the Geographic Region of Central America and the Caribbean
Map of Saint Barthelemy
Flag Description of Saint Barthelemy:St. Barts is a part of the French overseas department of Guadeloupe, and therefore flies the flag of France.
The French national flag - the tricolore - consists of three vertical bands of equal width, displaying the country's national colors: blue, white and red. The blue band is positioned nearest the flag-staff, the white in the middle, and the red on the outside.
Red, white and blue have come to represent liberty, equality and fraternity - the ideals of the French Revolution. Blue and red are also the time-honored colors of Paris, while white is the color of the Royal House of Bourbon.
Saint-Barthélemy, officially the Territorial collectivity of Saint-Barthélemy, is an overseas collectivity of France.
Capital: Gustavia, Saint Barthélemy
Dialing code: +590
ISO code: BL
Area: 21 km²
Population: 7,367 (Jul 2011)
Continent: Americas, North America
Background of Saint Barthelemy
Saint-Barthélemy, also called Saint Bart’s , island of the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea. An overseas collectivity of France since 2007, it was formerly a commune and, together with Saint-Martin, an arrondissement of the French overseas département of Guadeloupe. The island, 11 miles (17.5 km) long and 2.5 miles (4 km) wide, is 120 miles (200 km) north of Guadeloupe’s main islands. It is both mountainous, with a maximum elevation of 921 feet (281 metres), and fertile, despite relatively little rainfall. Saint-Barthélemy was occupied by the French in 1648; it was sold to Sweden in 1784 but was returned to France in 1877 after a plebiscite. The capital and only town is Gustavia (named for Sweden’s King Gustav III), which stands on a well-sheltered harbour.
In the mid-1990s Guadeloupe began preparing for the devolution of Saint-Barthélemy and its change in political status to that of an overseas collectivity. Voters approved the move in 2003, and the change took place in February 2007. The collectivity, while remaining a part of France, has broad authority over its own fiscal and legislative affairs. The president of France is the head of state, represented by a local prefect. The government is headed by the president of the legislature, a 19-member Territorial Council. The executive branch consists of an eight-member Executive Council whose members are elected by the Territorial Council. Members of the legislative and executive branches serve five-year terms. There is also an Economic, Social, and Cultural Council that is consulted on fiscal and developmental matters as well as social and cultural projects. Saint-Barthélemy sends a representative and a senator to the French Parliament. On July 16, 2007, Bruno Magras was elected the first president of the Territorial Council.
Tropical fruits, cotton, salt, and livestock are produced, and there is some fishing. There are minor lead and zinc deposits. Services associated with tourism constitute the main component of the economy. Because its rocky, arid soil never supported slave plantations, the population of the island is mostly of European descent (Swedish and French), and the spoken language is a 17th-century dialect of Normandy. Area 8 square miles (21 square km). Pop. (2006) 8,255; (2010 est.) 8,938.
Saint Barthelemy Demographics Profile 2014
Population 7,267 (July 2014 est.)
0-14 years: 17.8% (male 664/female 631) 15-24 years: 6.9% (male 262/female 237) 25-54 years: 46.1% (male 1,829/female 1,524) 55-64 years: 15% (male 590/female 501)
total: 42.4 years male: 42.4 years female: 42.3 years (2014 est.) 65 years and over: 14.2% (male 514/female 515) (2014 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female 0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female 25-54 years: 1.2 male(s)/female 55-64 years: 1.13 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female
Ethnic groups white, Creole (mulatto), black, Guadeloupe Mestizo (French-East Asia)
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses
Languages French (primary), English
total population: 1.14 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Culture and History of Saint Barthelemy
St. Barthelemy is usually called St. Barts or St. Barth is the smallest of the islands known as the French West Indies. This island has a mixture of European cultures, as it was the first overran by the Spanish who found very little worth their time, as they were fanatically interested in gold and silver. The Swedes then took control of it, and, finally the French took possession of it. It attracts the world's rich and famous to its exclusive resorts and its villas. It is the first choice for the champagne and caviar jet set that pour their money into this little island with seemingly reckless abandonment. It is a very expensive place in which to live.
St. Barts is the only island in the Caribbean that has a Swedish heritage. Its capital is called Gustavia, which was named after the Swedish king, King Gustaf. Even though the Swedes returned St. Barthelemy to France in 1878 they retained their Freeport, tax-advantaged status.
St. Barthelemy is unlike the other islands in the Caribbean because it is rocky and hilly and the climate is extremely dry. It is therefore was not developed with large sugar plantations and thus did not need labour intensive help. The majority of the people there are white and/or are of European descent, either from Sweden and the French provinces of Brittany and Normandy. French is the official language, even though English is widely used. The culture is therefore very much like European Normandy with a little Afro-Caribbean influence.
The French settled in St. Barts in the seventeenth century, which is a fishing island, and they imported a few African slaves and Asian indentured servants. The residents speak a form of patois - a French dialect which French visitors have difficulty understanding. The island's tourist industry caters to millionaire tourists but they have been additional resorts that are less expensive. The island continues to be a favourite celebrity hideaway.
The island's main industries are fishing and tourism and its population number about five thousand. St. Barts is a dependency of Guadeloupe, which is a Department and Region of France. St. Bartians are therefore French citizens. There a number of beautiful beaches that surround this eight square mile, arid, rocky island.
Weather forecast Saint Barthelemy
There are two varieties of weather that result from St. Barts' location on the surface of the planet: the usual stuff and hurricanes.
Most of the year, puffy white clouds parade through a clear blue sky, and warm balmy breezes gently ruffle hair and sway palm fronds. It's a T-shirt, shorts and sandals kind of weather, interrupted now and then by a brief tropical shower.
From July to November, however, this halcyon state of affairs may be interrupted by a revolving tropical storm, which, in its mature form, is known as a hurricane.
It's as if all the bad weather we've been spared during the rest of the year has been packed together into one package, to be savored all at once.
The sheer beauty and variety of the landscapes in St Barts is surprising, with long beaches of fine white sand, infinite shades of blue in natural coves, craggy cliffs that shimmer in the sun, savannas shaded by latanier palms, salt flats that reflect the color of the sky…>>>Read On<<<
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