Difference between revisions of "Leni Robredo"

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==Early life and education==
==Early life and education==
Maria Leonor Santo Tomas Gerona was born on April 23, 1965, in [[Naga, Camarines Sur]], Philippines.<ref name="bandera1">{{cite news|url=http://bandera.inquirer.net/121461/leni-im-tough-i-fight-for-what-is-right|title=Leni: I'm tough, I fight for what is right|last=Begas|first=Leifbilly|work=[[Inquirer Bandera]]|date=May 4, 2016|access-date=January 10, 2017|archive-date=January 10, 2017|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170110161314/http://bandera.inquirer.net/121461/leni-im-tough-i-fight-for-what-is-right|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name="Inquirer">{{cite news|title=Vote PH 2016: Leni Robredo|url=http://www.inquirer.net/elections2016/leni-robredo|access-date=April 12, 2016|work=[[Philippine Daily Inquirer|Inquirer.net]]|date=April 10, 2016|archive-date=April 5, 2016|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160405092120/http://www.inquirer.net/elections2016/leni-robredo|url-status=live}}</ref> She was the first of three children born to Naga City Regional Trial Court Judge [[Antonio Gerona]] (c. 1933–2013) and Salvacion Santo Tomas (1936–2020).<ref name="INQknew">{{cite news|author=Philippine Daily Inquirer|title=That first night, I knew he was gone—Robredo's wife|url=https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/256594/that-first-night-i-knew-he-was-gone-robredos-wife|access-date=June 29, 2020|work=[[Philippine Daily Inquirer|Inquirer.net]]|date=August 24, 2012|archive-date=July 1, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200701003648/https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/256594/that-first-night-i-knew-he-was-gone-robredos-wife|url-status=live}}</ref>
Maria Leonor Santo Tomas Gerona was born on April 23, 1965, in Naga, Camarines Sur, Philippines. She was the first of three children born to Naga City Regional Trial Court Judge Antonio Gerona (c. 1933–2013) and Salvacion Santo Tomas (1936–2020).


Leni Gerona attended the basic education department of [[Universidad de Sta. Isabel]] in Naga, graduating from elementary school in 1978, and from high school in 1982. She earned her degree in economics from the [[University of the Philippines Diliman]] in 1986, and proceeded to study law at the [[University of Nueva Caceres]], graduating in 1992.<ref name="Inquirer"/><ref>{{cite news |last1=Bueza |first1=Michael |title=Are 2016 VP bets truthful about academic degrees? |url=https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/in-depth/fact-check-academic-degrees-2016-vice-presidential-bets |access-date=June 12, 2021 |work=Rappler |date=February 6, 2016 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201007124223/https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/in-depth/fact-check-academic-degrees-2016-vice-presidential-bets |archive-date=October 7, 2020}}</ref> She passed the [[Philippine Bar Examination|bar exams]] in 1997.<ref name="Bar_flunker">{{cite news |last1=Yap |first1=DJ |title=Bar flunker Leni Robredo tells of rebound |url=https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/777063/bar-flunker-leni-robredo-tells-of-rebound |access-date=June 12, 2021 |work=Philippine Daily Inquirer |date=March 31, 2016 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210227130033/https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/777063/bar-flunker-leni-robredo-tells-of-rebound |archive-date=February 27, 2021}}</ref>
Leni Gerona attended the basic education department of Universidad de Sta. Isabel in Naga, graduating from elementary school in 1978, and from high school in 1982. She earned her degree in economics from the University of the Philippines Diliman in 1986, and proceeded to study law at the University of Nueva Caceres, graduating in 1992. She passed the bar exams in 1997.


Gerona chose to temporarily forego law studies and instead decided to work as a researcher for the Bicol River Basin Development Program (BRBDP),<ref name="ROGUEapril2016"/> a government agency tasked with integrated area development planning in the three provinces of the [[Bicol Region]].<ref name="ABSCBNCOMwhirlwindromance">http://news.abs-cbn.com/nation/10/09/15/leni-robredo-relives-whirlwind-romance-jesse {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160111120150/http://news.abs-cbn.com/nation/10/09/15/leni-robredo-relives-whirlwind-romance-jesse |date=January 11, 2016 }} Leni Robredo relives 'whirlwind' romance with Jesse</ref> Here she met then-Program Director [[Jesse Robredo]], who would eventually become her husband.<ref name="ABSCBNCOMwhirlwindromance"/>
Gerona chose to temporarily forego law studies and instead decided to work as a researcher for the Bicol River Basin Development Program (BRBDP), a government agency tasked with integrated area development planning in the three provinces of the Bicol Region. Here she met then-Program Director Jesse Robredo, who would eventually become her husband.


Having passed the bar on her second attempt in 1996<ref name="Inquirer"/><ref name="Bar_flunker" /> and admitted in May 1997,<ref>{{cite news|author=Rappler.com|title=FALSE: Robredo's missing bar exam results cast doubt on her being a lawyer|url=https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/fact-check/robredo-missing-bar-exam-results-casts-doubt-lawyer|access-date=November 29, 2020|work=[[Rappler]]|publisher=Rappler Inc.|date=November 25, 2020|archive-date=November 26, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201126023157/https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/fact-check/robredo-missing-bar-exam-results-casts-doubt-lawyer|url-status=live}}</ref> Robredo served in the [[Public Attorney's Office (Philippines)|Public Attorney's Office]],<ref name="RAPPLERprofile2016">{{Citation|last=Francisco|first=Katerina|title=Leni Robredo: Low-key political wife goes national|date=October 5, 2015|url=http://www.rappler.com/nation/politics/elections/2016/108017-leni-robredo-profile-2016|website=Rappler.com|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160531233212/http://www.rappler.com/nation/politics/elections/2016/108017-leni-robredo-profile-2016|access-date=April 15, 2016|archive-date=May 31, 2016|url-status=live}}</ref> a role in which she often took up the defense for cases pursued by her husband, who by then had become Mayor of Naga.<ref name="ROGUEapril2016"/>
Having passed the bar on her second attempt in 1996 and admitted in May 1997, Robredo served in the Public Attorney's Office, a role in which she often took up the defense for cases pursued by her husband, who by then had become Mayor of Naga.


From 1998 to 2008, Robredo became the coordinator of [[Sentro ng Alternatibong Lingap Panligan]] (SALIGAN), a Naga-based alternative legal support group.<ref name="ROGUEapril2016">{{cite journal |last = Melendez |first = Paolo Enrico |title = The Evolution of Leni Robredo: How the VP Underdog Became the Race's Strongest Contender |journal = Rogue Magazine |publisher = Rogue Media, Inc. |location = Makati |date = April 22, 2016 |url = http://rogue.ph/the-evolution-of-leni-robredo-how-the-vp-underdog-became-the-races-strongest-contender/ |access-date = April 23, 2016 |archive-date = December 31, 2019 |archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20191231132608/http://rogue.ph/the-evolution-of-leni-robredo-how-the-vp-underdog-became-the-races-strongest-contender/ |url-status = dead }}</ref> SALIGAN's work<ref name="ROGUEapril2016"/> aimed to encourage young legal professionals to take on leadership roles,<ref>{{cite web|title = Will children make good leaders? {{!}} Mindanao Times|url = http://mindanaotimes.net/will-children-make-good-leaders/|website = mindanaotimes.net|access-date = December 3, 2015|archive-date = March 4, 2017|archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20170304175409/http://mindanaotimes.net/will-children-make-good-leaders/|url-status = live}}</ref> and involved visiting distant rural communities to provide legal services to residents who would otherwise have little or no access to such services,<ref name="SALIGANpep">{{cite AV media|title=How Leni Robredo and her group help empower women and farmers |medium = YouTube Video |publisher=Philippine Entertainment Portal, Inc.|location = Mandaluyong |date = April 12, 2016 |url = http://www.pep.ph/electionwatch2016/media/13931/pep-talk-election-watch-how-leni-robredo-and-her-group-help-empower-women-and-farmers#MF53myyl05pEU2Du.99}}</ref> as well as conducting legal advocacy by proposing amendments and new laws based on the needs of these marginalized communities. Later, the group's focus shifted to include helping rural women to acquire capital in order to participate in competitive markets.<ref name="SALIGANpep"/>
From 1998 to 2008, Robredo became the coordinator of Sentro ng Alternatibong Lingap Panligan (SALIGAN), a Naga-based alternative legal support group. SALIGAN's work aimed to encourage young legal professionals to take on leadership roles, and involved visiting distant rural communities to provide legal services to residents who would otherwise have little or no access to such services, as well as conducting legal advocacy by proposing amendments and new laws based on the needs of these marginalized communities. Later, the group's focus shifted to include helping rural women to acquire capital in order to participate in competitive markets.


In addition, Robredo founded the Lakas ng Kababaihan ng Naga Federation, an organization that provides training and livelihood opportunities for women, in 1989.<ref name="RAPPLERwomensadvocacy">{{cite news |url=http://www.rappler.com/nation/politics/elections/2016/108171-leni-robredo-bicol-women-group-support |title=No fears that Robredo will neglect CamSur – women supporters |work=Rappler |date=October 5, 2015 |access-date=August 7, 2016 |archive-date=July 2, 2016 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160702204537/http://www.rappler.com/nation/politics/elections/2016/108171-leni-robredo-bicol-women-group-support |url-status=live }}</ref>
In addition, Robredo founded the Lakas ng Kababaihan ng Naga Federation, an organization that provides training and livelihood opportunities for women, in 1989.


In 2012, Robredo was named the chairperson of the Liberal Party in Camarines Sur.<ref>[http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/275614/robredo-widow-now-liberal-party-head-in-camsur Robredo widow now Liberal Party head in CamSur] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120929042415/http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/275614/robredo-widow-now-liberal-party-head-in-camsur |date=September 29, 2012 }} Inquirer.net (October 5, 2012)</ref><ref>[http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/283510/leni-robredo-files-candidacy-for-house-seat Leni Robredo files candidacy for House seat] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121007033108/http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/283510/leni-robredo-files-candidacy-for-house-seat |date=October 7, 2012 }} Inquirer.net (October 5, 2012)</ref><ref>[http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/regions/10/05/12/leni-robredo-ready-enter-politics Leni Robredo ready to enter politics] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121006021056/http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/regions/10/05/12/leni-robredo-ready-enter-politics |date=October 6, 2012 }} ABS-CBNnews.com (October 5, 2012)</ref><ref>[http://www.rappler.com/nation/12919-leni-robredo-appointed-lp-chair-in-camsur Leni Robredo appointed LP chair in CamSur] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171201132900/https://www.rappler.com/nation/12919-leni-robredo-appointed-lp-chair-in-camsur |date=December 1, 2017 }} Rappler.com (October 5, 2012)</ref><ref>[http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/279062/leni-robredo-eyes-rtc-judge-post-in-qc Leni Robredo eyes RTC judge post in QC] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121003020236/http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/279062/leni-robredo-eyes-rtc-judge-post-in-qc |date=October 3, 2012 }} Inquirer.net (October 5, 2012)</ref>
In 2012, Robredo was named the chairperson of the Liberal Party in Camarines Sur.


==Political career==
==Political career==