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Central African Republic

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Major Cities of Central African Republic in the continent of Africa

AlindaoBabouaBahamoBambariBangassouBanguiBaoroBatangafoBerbératiBimboBiraoBoaliBobanguiBodaBossangoaBossembéléBouarBoucaBozoumBriaCarnotDamaraGamboGamboulaGuenIppyKaboKaga-BandoroKembéKouangoMbaïkiMobayeMongoumbaN'DéléNolaOboOuaddaOuangoPaouaRafaïSibutZinga

Central African Republic Photo Gallery
Central African Republic Realty



THE BARBADOS COAT OF ARMS
Coat of arms of the Central African Republic.svg
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Location of Central African Republic within the continent of Africa
Central African Republic map.jpg
Map of Central African Republic
Flag of Central African Republic.svg.gif
Flag Description of Central African Republic: four equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, green, and yellow with a vertical red band in center; a yellow five-pointed star to the hoist side of the blue band; banner combines the Pan-African and French flag colors; red symbolizes the blood spilled in the struggle for independence, blue represents the sky and freedom, white peace and dignity, green hope and faith, and yellow tolerance; the star represents aspiration towards a vibrant future.
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Ask your Barangay Captain/Chairman to create a Resolution to make it mandatory to put the barangay name in all Business addresses.


Background of the Central African Republic

There are more than 80 ethnic groups in the Central African Republic (C.A.R.), each with its own language. About 75% are M’Baka-Mandjia and Banda (40% largely located in the northern and central parts of the country), and 4% are M'Baka (southwestern corner of the C.A.R.). Sango, the language of a small group along the Oubangui River, is the national language spoken by the majority of Central Africans. Only a small part of the population has more than an elementary knowledge of French, the official language.

Central African Republic, landlocked country located in the centre of Africa. The area that is now the Central African Republic has been settled for at least 8,000 years; the earliest inhabitants were the probable ancestors of today’s Aka (Pygmy) peoples, who live in the western and southern forested regions of the country. The slave state of Dar al-Kuti occupied the northern reaches until the various regions of the Central African Republic were brought under French colonial rule late in the 19th century. Colonial administrators favoured some ethnic groups over others, resulting in political rivalries that persisted after independence in 1960. Following periods of civil strife and dictatorial government, including the infamous regime of the self-styled Emperor Bokassa I (who renamed the country the Central African Empire), the country embarked on a course of democracy that was threatened, at the end of the 20th century, by interethnic civil war in neighbouring countries as well as by attempted coups d’état. Weary of social chaos and shifting allegiances among contending elements of the power elite, the country’s citizens quote a regional proverb, "When elephants fight, the grass suffers; when elephants make love, the grass still suffers." The capital city of Bangui, founded as a French trading post in 1889, sprawls on the banks of the Ubangi River. Famed in colonial times as one of the most agreeable cities in equatorial Africa, Bangui blends wooded hills and grassy meadows with heavily populated shantytowns, a handsome if now somewhat run-down city centre, and modern residential districts. Though strikes and curfews often bring the city to a standstill, Bangui enjoys a vibrant nightlife and a diverse musical culture.


National anthem name: "Le Renaissance" (The Renaissance) lyrics/music: Barthelemy BOGANDA/Herbert PEPPER note: adopted 1960; Barthelemy BOGANDA, who wrote the anthem's lyrics, was the first prime minister of the autonomous French territory

ANTHEM LYRICS - ENGLISH TRANSLATION ANTHEM LYRICS IN OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

Oh! Central Africa, cradle of the Bantu! Take up again your right to respect, to life! Long subjugated, long scorned by all, But, from today, breaking tyranny's hold. Through work, order and dignity You reconquer your rights, your unity, And to take this new step The voice of our ancestors calls us.

CHORUS

To work! In order and dignity, In the respect for rights and in unity, Breaking poverty and tyranny, Holding high the flag of the Fatherland.

O Centrafrique, ô berceau des Bantous! Reprends ton droit au respect, à la vie! Longtemps soumis, longtemps brimé partous, Mais de ce jour brisant la tyrannie. Dans le travail, l'ordre et la dignité, Tu reconquiers ton droit, ton unité, Et pour franchir cette étape nouvelle, De nos ancêtres la voix nous appelle.

CHORUS

Au travail dans l'ordre et la dignité, Dans le respect du droit dans l'unité, Brisant la misère et al tyrannie, Brandissant l'étendard de la Patrie.



Geography of Central African Republic

Central African Republic Geography Profile 2014

  • Location: Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 21 00 E
  • Map references: Africa
  • Area
total: 622,984 sq km
land: 622,984 sq km
water: 0 sq km
  • Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas
  • Land boundaries
total: 5,920 km
border countries: Cameroon 901 km, Chad 1,556 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,747 km, Republic of the Congo 487 km, South Sudan 1,055 km, Sudan 174 km
  • Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
  • Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
  • Climate: tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers
  • Terrain: vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest
  • Elevation extremes
lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m
  • Natural resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower
  • Land use
arable land: 2.89%
permanent crops: 0.13%
other: 96.98% (2011)
  • Irrigated land: 1.35 sq km (2003)
  • Total renewable water resources: 144.4 cu km (2011)
  • Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
total: 0.07 cu km/yr (83%/17%/1%)
per capital: 17.42 cu m/yr (2005)
  • Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common
  • Environment - current issues tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished the country's reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation
  • Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
  • signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
  • Geography - note landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

Land

The Central African Republic is roughly the size of France and is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan and South Sudan to the north and east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) and the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) to the south, and Cameroon to the west. The capital, Bangui, is situated on the southern boundary, formed by the Ubangi River, a tributary of the Congo River. Relief, drainage, and soils The Central African Republic occupies an immense rolling plateau that forms, along a crest that trends southwest to northeast, the major drainage divide between the Lake Chad and Congo River basins. The country is well supplied with waterways. Tributaries of the Chari River occupy the northern third of the country’s territory. The remaining two-thirds of the terrain drains southward into the Ubangi River, which forms the Central African Republic’s southern border with Congo (Kinshasa). The vast central plains rise gradually in the northeast to the Bongos (Bongo) Massif, extending to an elevation of 4,360 feet (1,330 metres) at Mount Toussoro, and to the Tondou Massif in the east. In the west they rise toward the high granite range of the Karre Mountains, reaching nearly 4,625 feet (1,410 metres) at Mount Ngaoui, the country’s highest point, before declining eastward into sandstone plateaus. In the north the most significant mountains are those of the Dar Challa range, which rise to 4,350 feet (1,326 metres) at Mount Ngaya near the border with Sudan. In the southeast is a plain cut by a number of rivers.

  • Climate

A moist savanna climate prevails in the north and an equatorial forest zone in the south. During the rainy season (from March to October or November) heavy rainstorms occur almost daily, and early morning fog is typical. Maximum annual precipitation is 71 inches (1,800 mm), occurring from August to September in the upper Ubangi region, and in the Karre Mountains annual precipitation averages 59 inches (1,500 mm). During this season of southwestern monsoon (rain-bearing) winds, the daily temperature ranges between 66 and 86 °F (19 and 30 °C). The dry season—brought by the northeastern trade winds, called the harmattan—generally begins in October and ends in February or March. The air is dry, and temperatures range between 64 and 104 °F (18 and 40 °C); it is warm during the day but considerably cooler at night. The skies are generally clear. Sandstorms and dust storms occur in the extreme north.

  • Plant and animal life

The country lies largely in the savanna zone of Africa. The northern part is treeless, whereas the southern portion of the country contains dense tropical rainforests, particularly along the Ubangi and Sangha rivers. A wide range of vegetation can be found in the savannas, from scrubby, drought- and fire-resistant trees and shrubs to more luxuriant gallery forests near rivers and streams. Many species of antelope, as well as baboons, buffalo, and elephants, are found in the savannas; there are also forest elephants, which are smaller than those in the savanna. Once-numerous black rhinoceroses are now rare, the victims of overhunting. In the rainforests an even greater diversity of wildlife exists, including gorillas, chimpanzees, and other primates, leopards, and the endangered bongo antelope. Rivers contain many species of fish, crocodiles, and hippopotamuses. A rich and varied birdlife—in addition to many varieties of snakes, bats, and insects, including many colourful butterflies and moths—makes the territory zoologically one of the most distinctive in Africa. There are several national parks and wildlife reserves, including Bamingui-Bangoran National Park in the north, Manovo–Gounda–St. Floris National Park (a World Heritage site since 1988) in the northeast, Zemongo Faunal Reserve in the east, and Dzanga-Ndoki National Park and Dzanga-Sangha Special Dense Forest Reserve, both in the southwest.

Demographics of Central African Republic

Central African Republic Demographics Profile 2014

  • Population: 5,277,959

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)

  • Age structure
0-14 years: 40.6% (male 1,077,247/female 1,064,660)
15-24 years: 20.1% (male 534,257/female 528,822)
25-54 years: 31.8% (male 838,484/female 838,858)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 91,696/female 115,600)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 73,914/female 114,421) (2014 est.)
  • Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 76.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 69.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.7 %
potential support ratio: 14.8 (2014 est.)
  • Median age
total: 19.4 years
male: 19.1 years
female: 19.8 years (2014 est.)
  • Population
growth rate 2.13% (2014 est.)
Birth rate 35.45 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate 14.11 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
  • Urbanization
urban population: 39.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
  • Major cities - population
BANGUI (capital) 740,000 (2011)
  • Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
  • Infant mortality rate
total: 92.86 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 100.55 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 84.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
  • Life expectancy at birth
total population: 51.35 years
male: 50.06 years
female: 52.67 years (2014 est.)
  • Total fertility rate: 4.46 children born/woman (2014 est.)
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: 19% (2006)
  • HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rat:e 4.7% (2009 est.)
  • HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 130,000 (2009 est.)
  • HIV/AIDS - deaths: 11,000 (2009 est.)
  • Drinking water source

improved:

urban: 89.6% of population
rural: 54.4% of population
total: 68.2% of population

unimproved:

urban: 10.4% of population
rural: 45.6% of population
total: 31.8% of population (2012 est.)
  • Sanitation facility access

improved:

urban: 43.6% of population
rural: 7.2% of population
total: 21.5% of population

unimproved:

urban: 56.4% of population
rural: 92.8% of population
total: 78.5% of population (2012 est.)
  • Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever

respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis water contact disease: schistosomiasis animal contact disease: rabies (2013)

  • Nationality
noun: Central African(s)
adjective: Central African
  • Religions indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%
note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority
Ethnic groups: Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
  • Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
  • Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 56.6%
male: 69.6%
female: 44.2% (2011 est.)
  • School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 7 years
male: 9 years
female: 6 years (2012)
  • Child labor - children ages 5-14
total number: 532,518
percentage: 47 % (2006 est.)
  • Education expenditures: 1.2% of GDP (2011)
  • Maternal mortality rate: 890 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 28% (2006)
  • Health expenditures: 3.8% of GDP (2011)
  • Physicians density: 0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
  • Hospital bed density: 1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
  • Obesity - adult prevalence rate: 3.5% (2008)

People

  • Ethnic groups

The people of the Central African Republic range from the hunting-and-gathering forest Pygmy peoples, the Aka, to state-forming groups such as the Zande and Nzakara. Prior to the arrival of Europeans in the late 19th century, distinctions between different groups were highly fluid. Many thought of themselves as members of a clan rather than of a broader ethnic group. Interactions with those who spoke different languages and had different cultural practices ranged from peaceful trade and intermarriage to war and enslavement. The attempts by colonial administrators and ethnographers to divide Central Africans into definite ethnic groups have never been viable. However, French colonizers did promote ethnic and regional distinctions among their Central African subjects. Drawing from populations of such southern riverine people as the Ngbaka (Mbaka), Yakoma, and Ubangi, the French helped to create an elite group, which emerged as an indigenous ruling group for the whole country and has held most political positions since independence. Regional affiliations have increased the complexity of this political terrain. Other, nonriverine Central Africans, who are far more numerous, have tended to resent this situation and have occasionally taken leadership roles themselves. Although people living in the country’s northern regions have gained more political power since independence, southern peoples still remain an important presence in national politics. A minority of Greek, Portuguese, and Yemeni traders are scattered around the country, and a small French population lives in Bangui. Diamond traders from western Africa and Chad, merchants from various African countries, and refugees from nearby countries, such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, also reside in Bangui and the hinterlands.

  • Languages

Central Africans currently speak a wide variety of languages, including Baya (Gbaya), Banda, Ngbaka, Sara, Mbum, Kare, and Mandjia. French and Sango are the official languages. Sango is a lingua franca spoken by nearly nine-tenths of the population. It was originally the language of a people from the Ubangi River region, but Christian missionaries adopted, simplified, and disseminated it in the 1940s and ’50s to their followers throughout the country.

  • Religion

Nearly seven-tenths of the population profess to follow Christianity, with a sizable minority of unaffiliated Christians; Roman Catholics, Protestants, and independents constitute the rest. More than one-tenth of the population continue to practice traditional religions. There is a growing number of Sunnite Muslims; a small minority declare no religious affiliation.

  • Settlement patterns

About three-fifths of the population is rural, residing primarily in the southern and western parts of the country. The eastern and northeastern sections of the country are less populated. Of the urban population, a significant proportion lives in Bangui. Other major towns are Berbérati, Bossangoa, and Bouar in the west, Bambari and Bria in the central plains, and Bangassou and Mobaye on the Ubangi River.

  • Demographic trends

The Central African Republic is sparsely populated. The population growth rate is high but is offset by the country’s low population density, net flow of emigrants, and high infant mortality rate. More than two-fifths of the population is under the age of 15, and life expectancy is less than 50 years because of poor health conditions and services and inadequate food distribution.


Economy of Central African Republic

Central African Republic Economy Profile 2014

  • Economy - overview
Subsistence agriculture, together with forestry and mining, remains the backbone of the economy of the Central African Republic (CAR), with about 60% of the population living in outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates more than half of GDP. Timber and diamonds account for most export earnings, followed by cotton. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position, a poor transportation system, a largely unskilled work force, and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization. Since 2009 the IMF has worked closely with the government to institute reforms that have resulted in some improvement in budget transparency, but other problems remain. The government's additional spending in the run-up to the election in 2011 worsened CAR's fiscal situation. Distribution of income is extraordinarily unequal. Grants from France and the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs. In 2012 the World Bank approved $125 million in funding for transport infrastructure and regional trade, focused on the route between CAR's capital and the port of Douala in Cameroon. After a two year lag in donor support, the IMF's first review of CAR's extended credit facility for 2012-15 praised improvements in revenue collection but warned of weak management of spending.
  • GDP (purchasing power parity)
$3.336 billion (2013 est.)
$3.902 billion (2012 est.)
$3.748 billion (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars
  • GDP (official exchange rate): $2.05 billion (2013 est.)
  • GDP - real growth rate
-14.5% (2013 est.)
4.1% (2012 est.)
3.3% (2011 est.)
  • GDP - per capita (PPP)
$700 (2013 est.)
$900 (2012 est.)
$800 (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars
  • Gross national saving
2.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
3.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
3.7% of GDP (2011 est.)
  • GDP - composition, by end use
household consumption: 91.5%
government consumption: 6.1%
investment in fixed capital: 8.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 9.7%
imports of goods and services: -15.6%

(2013 est.)

  • GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: 56.6%
industry: 14.5%
services: 28.9% (2013 est.)
  • Population below poverty line: NA%
  • Labor force: 2.082 million (2011 est.)
  • Unemployment rate: 8% (2001 est.)

note: 23% unemployment in the capital, Bangui

  • Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 33% (2003)
  • Distribution of family income - Gini index: 61.3 (1993)
  • Budget
revenues: $186.2 million
expenditures: $270.7 million (2013 est.)
  • Taxes and other revenues: 9.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
  • Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-): -4.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
  • Inflation rate (consumer prices)
7% (2013 est.)
5.8% (2012 est.)
  • Central bank discount rate
4.25% (31 December 2009)
4.75% (31 December 2008)


  • Commercial bank prime lending rate
15% (31 December 2013 est.)
15% (31 December 2012 est.)
  • Stock of narrow money
$308.3 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$337.7 million (31 December 2012 est.)
  • Stock of broad money
$376.4 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$421.6 million (31 December 2012 est.)
  • Stock of domestic credit
$478.7 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$507.7 million (31 December 2012 est.)
  • Market value of publicly traded shares: $NA
  • Agriculture - products cotton, coffee, tobacco, cassava (manioc, tapioca), yams, millet, corn, bananas; timber
  • Industries: gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, sugar refining
  • Industrial production growth rate: -11% (2013 est.)
  • Current Account Balance
-$133.8 million (2013 est.)
-$197.6 million (2012 est.)
  • Exports
$138.9 million (2013 est.)
$207.7 million (2012 est.)
  • Exports - commodities diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee
  • Exports - partners Belgium 31.7%, China 27.9%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 7.8%, Indonesia 5.2%, France 4.5% (2012)
  • Imports
$218.6 million (2013 est.)
$333.7 million (2012 est.)
  • Imports - commodities food, textiles, petroleum products, machinery, electrical equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals
  • Imports - partners Netherlands 20.3%, France 9.7%, Cameroon 9.1%, South Korea 9.1% (2012)
  • Debt - external
$634.2 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$632.7 million (31 December 2012 est.)
  • Exchange rates Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF) per US dollar -
500.7 (2013 est.)
510.53 (2012 est.)
495.28 (2010)
472.19 (2009)
447.81 (2008)
  • Fiscal year: calendar year

Government of Central African Republic

More on Government and society of Central African Republic

  • Constitutional framework

The 1995 constitution was suspended in 2003, following a military coup. Under a new constitution promulgated in late 2004, the president is head of state and limited to two consecutive five-year terms. The constitution also provides for a prime minister, a council of ministers, and a 105-member National Assembly. Assembly members are elected by universal suffrage for five-year terms. An economic and regional council and a state council advise the assembly...>>>read on<<<


Central African Republic Government Profile 2014


  • Country name conventional long form: Central African Republic
conventional short form: none
local long form: Republique Centrafricaine
local short form: none
former: Ubangi-Shari, Central African Empire
abbreviation: CAR


  • Government type: republic
  • Capital name: Bangui
  • geographic coordinates: 4 22 N, 18 35 E
  • time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
  • Administrative divisions: 14 prefectures (prefectures, singular - prefecture), 2 economic prefectures* (prefectures economiques, singular - prefecture economique), and 1 commune**; Bamingui-Bangoran, Bangui**, Basse-Kotto, Haute-Kotto, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo, Lobaye, Mambere-Kadei, Mbomou, Nana-Grebizi*, Nana-Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha-Mbaere*, Vakaga
  • Independence: 13 August 1960 (from France)
  • National holiday: Republic Day, 1 December (1958)


  • Constitution: several previous; latest ratified by referendum 5 December 2004, effective 27 December 2004; amended 2010; note - the transitional parliament has begun work on a new constitution which should be ready for citizens feedback in early 2015 (2010)
  • Legal system: civil law system based on the French model
  • International law organization participation: has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
  • Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
  • Executive branch
chief of state: Interim President Catherine SAMBA-PANZA (since 20 January 2014); elected by the National Transitional Council
head of government: Interim Prime Minister Andre NZAPAYEKE (since 25 January 2014); note - he replaced Prime Minister Nicolas TIANGAYE who resigned 10 January 2014
cabinet: Council of Ministers
elections: interim president was elected by the National Transitional Council on 20 January 2014; she will be in office until February 2015 at the new general elections
election results: in the second round Catherine SAMBA-PANZA was elected; SAMBA-PANZA 75 votes from the National Transitional Council, Desire KOLINGBA 53 votes (129 MPs out of 135 voted)
note: rebel forces seized the captial in March 2013, forcing former President BOZIZE to flee the country; Interim President Michel DJOTODIA assumed the presidency, reinstated the prime minister, established a transitional government and was subsequently affirmed as president by the National Transitional Council on 13 Apriil 2013; he resigned soon after because of racial violence in the country and was replced briefly by Interim President Alexandre-Ferdinand NGUENDET
  • Legislative branch: unicameral National Transitional Council to act as the National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (105 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
  • elections: last held on 23 January 2011 and 27 March 2011 (next to be held in February 2015)
  • election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA

Judicial branch

highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of NA judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges, at least 3 of which are women)
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president; Constitutional Court judge appointments - 2 by the president, 1 by the speaker of the National Assembly, 2 elected by their peers, 2 are advocates elected by their peers, and 2 are law professors elected by their peers; judges serve 7-year non-renewable terms
subordinate courts: high courts; magistrates' courts
  • Political parties and leaders Alliance for Democracy and Progress or ADP [Clement BELIBANGA]
Central African Democratic Rally or RDC [Louis-Pierre GAMBA]
Civic Forum or FC
Democratic Forum for Modernity or FODEM [Saturnin NDOMBY]
Liberal Democratic Party or PLD
Londo Association or LONDO
Movement for Democracy and Development or MDD
MaMovement for the Liberation of the Central African People or MLPC [Martin ZIGUELE ]
National Convergence or KNK [Francois BOZIZE]
National Unity Party or PUN
New Alliance for Progress or NAP [Jean-Jacques DEMAFOUTH]
Patriotic Front for Progress or FPP [Alexandre Philippe GOUMBA]
People's Union for the Republic or UPR [Pierre Sammy MAKFOY]
Social Democratic Party or PSD [Enoch LAKOUE]
  • Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
  • International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, EITI (compliant country), FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
  • Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Stanislas MOUSSA-KEMBE (since 24 August 2009)
chancery: 1618 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 483-7800
FAX: [1] (202) 332-9893
  • Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission: Ambassador Laurence D. WOHLERS (since September 2010)
embassy: Avenue David Dacko, Bangui
mailing address: B. P. 924, Bangui
telephone: [236] 21 61 02 00
FAX: [236] 21 61 44 94
note: the embassy temporarily suspended operations in December, 2012

Energy of Central African Republic

Central African Republic Energy Profile 2014

  • Electricity - production: 160 million kWh (2010 est.)
  • Electricity - consumption: 148.8 million kWh (2010 est.)
  • Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2012 est.)
  • Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2012 est.)
  • Electricity - installed generating capacity: 44,000 kW (2010 est.)
  • Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2012 est.)
  • Oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
  • Oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
  • Oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
  • Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
  • Refined petroleum products - consumption: 3,175 bbl/day (2011 est.)
  • Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
  • Refined petroleum products - imports: 2,318 bbl/day (2010 est.)
  • Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2011 est.)
  • Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
  • Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2011 est.)
  • Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2011 est.)
  • Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2013 est.)
  • Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 293,900 Mt (2011 est.)

Telecommunications of Central African Republic

Central African Republic Telecommunications Profile 2014

  • Telephones - main lines in use: 5,600 (2012)
  • Telephones - mobile cellular: 1.07 million (2012)
  • Telephone system
general assessment: network consists principally of microwave radio relay and low-capacity, low-powered radiotelephone communication

domestic: limited telephone service with less than 1 fixed-line connection per 100 persons; spurred by the presence of multiple mobile-cellular service providers, cellular usage is increasing from a low base; most fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone services are concentrated in Bangui

international: country code - 236; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)
  • Broadcast media
government-owned network, Radiodiffusion Television Centrafricaine, provides domestic TV broadcasting; licenses for 2 private TV stations are pending; state-owned radio network is supplemented by a small number of privately owned broadcast stations as well as a few community radio stations; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are available (2007)


  • Internet country code: .cf
  • Internet hosts: 20 (2012)
  • Internet users: 22,600 (2009)

Transportation of Central African Republic

Central African Republic Transportation Profile 2014

Roadways total: 20,278 km (2010)

Waterways 2,800 km (the primary navigable river is the Ubangi, which joins the River Congo; it was the traditional route for the export of products because it connected with the Congo-Ocean railway at Brazzaville; because of the warfare on both sides of the River Congo from 1997, however, routes through Cameroon became preferred by importers and exporters) (2011)

Ports and terminals river port(s): Bangui (Oubangui); Nola (Sangha) Airports 39 (2013)


Airports - with paved runways total: 2 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)

Airports - with unpaved runways total: 37 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 1,524 to 2,437 m: 11 914 to 1,523 m: 19 under 914 m: 6 (2013)

Military of Central African Republic

Central African Republic Military Profile 2014

  • Military branches
Central African Armed Forces (Forces Armees Centrafricaines, FACA): Ground Forces (includes Military Air Service), General Directorate of Gendarmerie Inspection (DGIG), National Police (2011)
  • Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for selective military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2012)
  • Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 1,149,856
females age 16-49: 1,145,897 (2010 est.)
  • Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 655,875
females age 16-49: 661,308 (2010 est.)
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
male: 54,843
female: 53,999 (2010 est.)

Transnational Issues of Central African Republic

Central African Republic Transnational Issues Profile 2014

  • Disputes - international: periodic skirmishes over water and grazing rights among related pastoral populations along the border with southern Sudan persist
  • Refugees and internally displaced persons
refugees (country of origin): 10,992 (Democratic Republic of the Congo) (2013)
IDPs: 542,400 (clashes between army and rebel groups since 2005; tensions between ethnic groups) (2014)
  • Trafficking in persons
current situation: Central African Republic (CAR) is a source and destination country for children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking and possibly women subjected to forced prostitution; most victims appear to be CAR citizens exploited within the country, and that a smaller number are transported back and forth between the CAR and Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, and South Sudan; children are forced into domestic servitude, commercial sexual exploitation, agricultural labor, mining, and street vending; armed groups operating in the CAR, including the Lord's Resistance Army, continue to recruit and use children for military activities, while village self-defense units use children as combatants, lookouts, and porters
tier rating: Tier 3 - Central African Republic does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; the government does not investigate or prosecute any suspected cases of human trafficking, including the use of child soldiers; the government also fails to identify, provide protection to, or refer to service providers any trafficking victims; in collaboration with an NGO, the government has convened a working group to develop a national action plan to combat human trafficking (2013)

Environment of Central African Republic

Carbon dioxide emissions of Central African Republic
Consumption of ozone-depleting substances of Central African Republic
Energy efficiency of Central African Republic
Habitat protection of Central African Republic
Marine habitat protection of Central African Republic
Resource usage of Central African Republic
Terrestrial habitat protection of Central African Republic

Health of Central African Republic

AIDS morbidity of Central African Republic
AIDS mortality of Central African Republic
AIDS orphans of Central African Republic
Child malnutrition of Central African Republic
Condom use of Central African Republic
Contraceptive use among currently married women 15-49 years old of Central African Republic
HIV prevalence rate of Central African Republic
HIV prevention of Central African Republic
Infant health of Central African Republic
Malaria morbidity of Central African Republic
Malaria mortality of Central African Republic
Malaria prevention of Central African Republic
Malaria treatment of Central African Republic
Malnutrition of Central African Republic
Maternal health of Central African Republic
Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources of Central African Republic
Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities of Central African Republic
Tuberculosis morbidity of Central African Republic
Tuberculosis mortality of Central African Republic
Tuberculosis prevention of Central African Republic
Tuberculosis treatment of Central African Republic
Unmet need for family planning of Central African Republic


2015 UNHCR country operations profile - Central African Republic

Disclaimer

This is not the official site of this country. Most of the information in this site were taken from the U.S. Department of State, The Central Intelligence Agency, The United Nations, [1],[2], [3], [4], [5],[6], [7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12], [13], [14],[15], [16], [17], [18], [19], [20], [21], [22], [23], [24],[25], [26], [27], [28], [29], [30],[31], [32], [33], [34], and the [35].

Other sources of information will be mentioned as they are posted.